Periodontics (Maintaining Healthy Gums)
A building is only as good as its foundation. The same goes for your teeth: you need a great foundation (healthy bone and gums) for your teeth to to remain in good condition too. This is best done by preventative measures, such as great brushing and flossing habits, and quality bi-annual check ups and cleanings.
You may be familiar with periodontal disease terms like "gingivitis" or "periodontitis". Simply put, gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, and is characterized by red, puffy gums that bleed easily. Periodontitis is bone loss that occurs around the teeth, and is characterized by receding gums, which cause teeth to be sensitive and more mobile. Most importantly, bone loss is irreversible and can not grow back. Both are most commonly caused by build up of plaque and/or calculus, which is plaque that mineralizes and gets hardened over time. This build up can be visible above the gums, or it could occur beneath the gums, and is only detectable by a dentist through a thorough exam and X-rays. Depending on your diagnosis, you may need a regular maintenance cleaning or a deep cleaning to reach the goal of maintaining healthy gums.